When you are walking
- Walk on the pavement or the footpath if they are provided and keep as far away from the traffic as possible. Try not to walk with your back to the traffic.
- If there is no pavement or footpath, walk on the right-hand side of the road so that you can see the on-coming traffic. Extra care should be taken. Walk in a single file, especially on narrow roads or in bad light and keep close to the side of the road away from traffic. If you are coming to a sharp right-hand bend it might be safer to cross the road so you are seen sooner by on-coming traffic also you will see the traffic more clearly. Cross the road again after the bend.
- Wear or carry something bright or light coloured in poor daylight conditions and at night when it is dark. Reflective material such as armbands or waistcoats make it much easier for drivers to see you in the dark as the material shows up when the headlights shine on you.
When crossing roads
- It is safer to cross the road at a pedestrian crossing, where signals will stop the traffic for you. To work these, press the button. While the red figure shows do not cross. Wait for the green figure; check that the traffic has stopped then cross with care. If the green figure is flashing do not start to cross. If you have already started to cross you should have time to get across.
- A zebra crossing is another form of crossing. These have black and white striped markings on the road and either side of the road is a black and white striped pole with an orange globe on the top, which flashes.
Do not walk straight out, but give the traffic time to stop for you. Wait until the traffic has stopped in both directions or the road is clear before you cross. Keep looking both ways and listening as you cross in case a driver has not seen you.
When you are cycling
- The cycle you are going to ride must be safe to be ridden on the roads.
- It is advisable to wear a cycle helmet to protect your head in case you are involved in an accident.
- If you wear trousers that are flared or baggy at the ankles they could get caught in the chain or wheel of the cycle. To stop this happening wear cycle clips around your trousers at the ankles or tuck them in your socks.
- Wear bright or light coloured clothing in poor daylight and at night when it is dark. Reflective clothing or accessories such as armbands, ankle bands and belts show up very well in the dark when headlights shine on them.
- When riding in the dark your cycle must have a working white front light and a working red back light. It must also have a red reflector fitted to the back of the cycle. White reflectors fitted to the front of the cycle and to the wheels also help you to be seen.
- Cycle on the left-hand side of the road and if you can use cycle routes these can make your journey safer. Ride in single file on busy and narrow roads.
- You must obey all traffic signs and signals.
- It is illegal to cycle on the pavement.